Neal, Leonard, and Sorensen Implant, Facial, and Oral Surgery
Hairy tongue, also known as black tongue, is a gentle condition of elongation and staining of the fingerlike projections (papillae) on the tongue surface. This condition may be caused by overgrowth of a bacteria or yeast that produces a colored substance. Hairy tongue can occur at any age. Hairy tongue is rarely symptomatic, although overgrowth of Candida albicans may consequence in glossopyrosis. Medications that commonly cause hairy tongue comprise antibiotics, anti-psychotics, anti-depressants, and anti-cholinergic agents.
Contributory factors for hairy tongue are many and contain tobacco use and coffee or tea drinking. These factors account for the various colors related with the condition. Tongue problems include pain, swelling, or a change in how the tongue looks. The prevalence of hairy tongue varies broadly, from 8.3% in children and young adults to 57% in persons who are addicted to drugs and incarcerated. Hairy tongue has been reported with greater frequency in males.
The treatment of hairy tongue is variable. Practice good oral hygiene for hairy tongue and black tongue. Be sure to eat a well-. Antihistamines can help relieve a swollen tongue caused by allergies. Surgical removal of the papillae by using electrodesiccation, carbon dioxide laser, or even scissors is the treatment of last resort when less complicated therapies prove ineffective. Topical application of retinoids has been used with some success.
Keratolytic agents are effective but may be irritating. Gently brush the tongue with a toothbrush twice daily. Maintain good oral hygiene with regular tooth brushing. Minimize mouthwash use and avoid smoking or chewing tobacco. Eat more foods with fiber (fruits and vegetables); sucking on pieces of fresh pineapple may also be helpful. You should avoid the food or drug that causes the tongue swelling. Therapy may be needed to improve speech and swallowing ability.
Oral cancer is cancer of the mouth,head, and neck. It most commonly involves the tissue of the lips or tongue. It may also occur on the floor of mouth, roof of mouth, gums, and the cheek lining. Most look very similar under a microscope and are called squamous cell carcinomas. These are cancerous and spread very quickly.
Smoking and other tobacco product use are the cause of 70-80 percent of oral cancers. Heavy alcohol use could also increase the risk for oral cancer. Other factors include chronic irritation, human papilloma virus, and poor dental and oral hygiene. Some oral cancers begin as a white plaque or as a mouth ulcer.
Visual symptoms include a sore, lump, or ulcer. Other symptoms include chewing problems, pain with swallowing, abnormal taste in mouth and speech difficulties.
Tests used to confirm the diagnosis inlude a biopsy and microscopic examination of the area.
Treatment is usually a sugery to remove the tumor. Surgery combined with radiation therapy and chemotherapy may be necessary for larger tumors or if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in the neck.
Approximately half of people diagnosed will live more than 5 years after being diagnosed. If found early, before it has spread to other tissues the cure rate is nearly 90%. Unfortunately 25% of people with oral cancer die because of delayed diagnosis and treatment.
Ankyloglossia or a persistent lingual frenulum is a congenital persistence of tissue which binds the tongue to the floor of the mouth. When severe, the frenulum should be cut to mobilize the tongue.
A doctor can diagnose this condition during a physical exam. The exam will show that the tongue tissue is attached too far forward.
Surgery is seldom necessary but if it is needed, it involves cutting the abnormally placed tissue. If the child has a mild case of tongue tie, the surgery may be done in the doctor’s office. More severe cases are done in a hospital operating room. A surgical reconstruction procedure called a z-plasty closure may be required to prevent scar tissue formation.
The complications are rare, but recurrence of tongue tie, tongue swelling, bleeding, infection, and damage to the ducts of the salivary glands may occur.
If you are concerned that your child may have tongue tie, have your health care provider examine it during a routine well-baby examination.
After 27 years in the Dental Biz (orthodontics & general dentistry & oral surgery), I am now experiencing “up close & personal” what modern oral surgery and dentistry have to offer a 50-something midlife mama who has lost multiple teeth just over the last three years due to fracture, dry mouth-induced decay, and heredity.
I am in the process of getting implants and crowns to restore the function and appearance of my teeth. I am excited about this adventure! My bite will be back to normal, the crowns will be bright and natural-looking, and I won’t have to worry about the boneloss and shrinkage that caused people my age in generations past look old before their time. This mama is NOT goin’ there anytime soon!
So stay tuned for future episodes of Corinne Gets a New Bite! And feel free to ask me personally how I feel about the process :).
🙂 Corinne Nicole Spranger, Treatment Coordinator, Kirkland Office
Chewing gum, eating candy with Xylitol can actually help prevent cavities.
What is great about this natural sweetner is that made from the bark of white birch trees, corn cobs and many fruits and vegetables. It has a low glycemic index of 7.0, so it is a good sweetner for people with diabetes. But too much can have a laxitive effect. It is good to start slow. The “all Xylitol” Gum has about 1 gram per piece & “all Xylitol” mints about 1/2 gram. Work up to a target of 6-12 grams per day. It is good to rinse your mouth after eating & either chew gum or use a mint with Xylitol.
Cavities/Dental caries is a bacterial infection on the teeth, specifically the biofilm on the teeth. When it becomes infected the biofilm becomes acid-producing, (low ph), 7.0 is neutral, which can then cause the cavities.
Simply by adding 6-10grams a day to your diet can actually kill the Streptococcus mutans bacteria, which is one of the main know bacteria to cause tooth decay.
The University of Washington had a Xylitol gum chewing study a couple of years ago & it was proven to stop the production of bacteria that caused cavities, my husband was in that study. The gum was tasty & the mints with Xylitol were quite good.
I know you’re thinking, yeah, yeah, my dentist and hygienist are always nagging me to floss more. Is it just so their job will be easier, or is it really that big of a deal?
I did a little research, and studies show that people who floss daily, actually live an average of 6.4 years longer than people who only floss the day before their dental appointment (yes, I’m talking about you.)
Flossing not only reduces your risk of gum disease, but heart disease, too. So, it turns out that my husband’s new year’s resolution to floss everyday isn’t so weird after all. I’ve gotta go buy some more floss.
Minimize strenuous activities for 24—72 hours after surgery.
eating. A small amount of bleeding is normal on the first day and night.
After surgery, liquids are acceptable when desired. Allow for the numbness to
cease before beginning solid foods. The day after surgery, eat as desired and
tolerated. Encourage clear fluid intake, initially, then progress to soft foods.
Smoking, spitting and usage of straws will increase the risk of painful osteitis or
dry sockets, which will delay healing.
plastic Ziploc bags covered with a towel) for 3 days after surgery. It is important
to place the ice pack on the outside of the face, alternating sides, 15 minutes on
15 minutes off. On the fourth day after surgery, switch to a warm moist towel
compress. Usually the largest amount of swelling occurs on the third day after
DO NOT RINSE YOUR MOUTH TODAY
after meals) using 1/4 teaspoon of salt or baking soda to a glass of warm water.
Continue rinses for several days. Teeth may be brushed the day after surgery,
stay one tooth away from surgery sites. Toothpaste may be used but avoid
mouthwashes containing alcohol.
Small bone fragments may work through the gums during healing. These are not
roots. Please contact the office to have your surgeon evaluate them if they occur.
Pain medications and antibiotics can cause nausea. Take medications with an
adequate amount of soft food to help prevent nausea. Classic Coke and clear
carbonated liquids are helpful in preventing nausea. If nausea still continues,
discontinue narcotic pain medications. Substitute with Ibuprofen. Discontinue
antibiotics only if your surgeon recommends this.
with 600 mg of Ibuprofen every 6 hours
become loose, irritating or may come out. This is usually not significant. Any
questions or concerns please feel free to contact the office.
surgery. If any symptoms occur which you feel are unusual or are concerning
Very interesting, check this out:
We get dozens of questions every week about how to use gauze after an extraction. How long do I leave it in? Can I eat with it in my mouth? How many days should I use it? What if I run out? Should I moisten it in with anything? I’ve heard of using tea bags, what’s that about?
Here’s the lowdown: the main reason we have patients use gauze is to apply direct pressure to the extraction/surgery site. Yes, it absorbs blood, too, but bleeding is usually well under control before we allow patients to leave our office. By folding the gauze (we use 3×3 size) into a small square, it creates enough thickness so that when the gauze is placed directly over the surgical site, it applies pressure to the wound when the patient bites his or her teeth together. Pressure is the magic word! Generally, you only need to leave the gauze in place as long as the site is actively oozing or bleeding. We recommend leaving the gauze in place, with direct biting pressure, for about one hour. After an hour, remove the gauze and evaluate the surgical site. In most cases, the surgical site will ooze slowly for several hours and taper off until you won’t need the gauze anymore. While the site continues to ooze, just change the gauze once per hour. You may think changing it more often will help, but actually, removing the gauze too often can dislodge a blood clot and start the bleeding up again. It’s normal for most patients to use gauze for several hours following surgery, but having to use gauze the following day, is not normal.
In addition to evaluating the surgical site when you remove gauze, look at the used gauze pack as well. If it’s wet with mostly pink fluid and some red, you will likely not need to use gauze for much longer. (maybe 1 or 2 more one hour cycles) Many people misinterpret wet, pink gauze for bleeding, when actually, just a little blood mixed with your saliva turns it pink. If the gauze is competely soaked and dark red all over, you probably have not been applying enough pressure. In that case, place a new gauze pack, lie down, and bite continuously, without talking or eating for an hour. If those actions do not decrease the bleeding, you may need to give your surgeon’s office a call. We always supply our surgical patients with ample gauze, but if you should run out, just call us and you can come and pick up some more. If that’s not convenient, you can pick up gauze at any drugstore, some grocery stores, or big retailers like Target, Fred Meyer, and Wal Mart.
When you’re ready to eat or drink something, remove the gauze, consume your milkshake, jamba juice, or jello (or whatever sounds tasty), and then place a fresh gauze pack. Eating or drinking with gauze in place is not a good idea.
We sometimes get questions about tea bags. Here’s the deal- black tea contains tannic acid, which can aid in clotting. If you’re having particular difficulty with keeping your bleeding under control, you can moisten a tea bag, wrap it in gauze and bite on it. In most cases, plain gauze works fine, but if you want to try the tea route, go for it.
As always, if you think something is not normal, or you’re having difficulties with bleeding, or anything else for that matter, just call us. We’re glad to help you over the phone, and we always have a surgical staff member on call, 24/7. Hopefully, this clears up some of those gauze mysteries.